• Noraini Zulkifli
  • Mohd Ezrinorsyah Md Shah


The strategic value of Indian Ocean has invited lots of attention from a major power.  For India, the Indian Ocean shows its domain and obvious superiority that it has held for some centuries. However, there seem to be an arise from China presence in the region. This action has prompted India as the leading actor in the area and created a diversified approach to mitigating the issue.  How should India respond to this? What would be the impact of this phenomenon on India maritime strategy? Is China presence should be defined as a threat for India to continue its ambition as a prospect dominant global key player, or it produces opportunity that India should grab in order to remain relevant in Indian Ocean perspective. This article will study about the China presence in Indian Ocean and impact toward India maritime security. The objectives of this study namely 1) to identify China economy interest in Indian Ocean, 2) to discuss China strategic interest in Indian Ocean and 3) to analyse security impact towards India maritime security. This qualitative approach has using secondary data from 2010- 2018. The finding of this study are 1) A naval tension not only to both countries but include all the neighbouring countries in the region, 2) India sees that China tried to encircle it nation by establishing one belt one road initiative; 3) India has enhanced the excellent relationship with the United States and the neighbouring countries in the Indian Ocean.


Anand, K. (2012). Chinese Engagement with the Maldives: Impact on Security Environment in the Indian Ocean Region. Strategic Analysis, 36:2, 276-289, DOI: 10.1080/09700161.2012.646504
Asif, M., & Muneer, T. (2007). Energy supply, its demand and security issues for developing and emerging economies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 11(7), 1388-1413.
Callahan W.A. 2005. Forum: The Rise of China; How to understand China: the dangers and opportunities of being the rising power. Review of International Studies 31.
Christensen, T. J. (2006). Fostering stability or creating a monster? The rise of China and US policy toward East Asia. International security, 31(1), 81-126.
Ganapathy, N. (2017). India increased its presence in Indian Ocean, with eye on China. The Straits Time. Access at on 7th June 2018.
Ghosh, P. K. 2014. Maritime security trilateralism: India, Sri Lanka and Maldives. Strategic Analysis, 38(3), 283–288.
Fernando, S. N. (2010). China’s relations with Sri Lanka and the Maldives: Models of good relations among big and small countries. China Report, 46(3), 285-297.Gourui, S.T. 2017. China’s Two Ocean Strategy: Controlling Waterways and The New Silk Road. Institut de Relations Internationalise et Strategiques.
Henry, J. 2016. China’s Military Deployments in The Gulf of Aden: Anti-Piracy and Beyond Asie.Visions, No, 89. Retrieved at en/publications/notes-de-lifri/asie-visions/chinas-military-deployments-gulf-aden-anti-piracy-and-beyond on 20th March 2018
Humphrey, J., & Messner, D. (2006). China and India as emerging global governance actors: Challenges for developing and developed countries. ids Bulletin, 37(1), 107-114
Khurana, G. S. (2008). China's ‘String of Pearls’ in the Indian Ocean and Its Security Implications. Strategic Analysis, 32(1), 1-39.
Lai NH. 2007. China’s Oil Diplomacy: is it a global security threat? Routledge Taylor, Francis Group 28 (3) 519-537.
MOFA. (2015). Government of India. Access at article.htm?24883/ Visit+of+Prime+Minister+to+Seychelles+Mauritius+and+Sri+Lanka+March+1014+2015 on 21st Jul 2018.
Nkala, O. (2015). India Developing Networks of Coastal Radars. Defence Access At coastal-radars on 21st Jul 2018.
Noraini, Sharifah Munirah & Zarina. 2015. China’s Maritime Power in Asia: An Analysis GEOGRAFIA Online TM Malaysian Journal of Society and Space 11 (13), 36 - 48.
Pant, H. V. (2007). India in the Asia–Pacific: Rising ambitions with an eye on China. Asia-Pacific Review, 14(1), 54-71.
Priyadarshana, S. 2015. China as a dominant naval power in the Indian Ocean. Conference: International Journal of Science Inventions Today. Volume: 2015 – Volume 4, Issue 4 (July- August).
Shamin. (2014). Joint ‘DOSTI’ Exercise by Indian Coast Guard with Maldives and Sri Lanka MIADHU. Access at on 18th July 18.
Shepard, W. (2017). How India Got Wrapped Up In China's Belt And Road Initiative, Despite Opposing It. Access at /china-now-has-india-wrapped-up-in-its-belt-and-road/#6587c6a6227f on 7th June 2018.
Spykman, N. J. (2017). America's strategy in world politics: the United States and the balance of power. USA: Routledge.
Thube, S. (2017). India Neighborhood First Diplomacies Coming Apart at the Seam. The Diplomat. Access at on 7th July 2018.
How to Cite
ZULKIFLI, Noraini; MD SHAH, Mohd Ezrinorsyah. CHINA PRESENCE IN INDIAN OCEAN AND IMPACT TOWARDS INDIA MARITIME SECURITY. Asian Journal of Law and Governance, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 2, p. 1-14, dec. 2019. ISSN 2710-5849. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 11 aug. 2020.