Preliminary Analysis on the Effect of Decent Work Environment on Work Life Balance in Nigerian SMEs

  • Ibrahim Kabir
  • Umar Gunu
  • Zainab Lawan Gwadabe


This is a preliminary analysis of data on the effect of decent work environment on WLB in Nigerian SMEs. The study examined non-response bias, missing values, outliers, normality, and multicollinearity and evaluated the measurement model using internal consistency reliability, convergent, and discriminant validity. We control missing values using force response during online data collection, used univariate trimming, and box plot to identify and eliminate outliers. Normality test shows a mixture of results, some numerical tests suggested the absence of normal distribution, contrary to other statistical measures, this may be caused by the large sample size. Result of graphical method shows that the data is reasonably normally distributed. Composite reliability and Cronbach’s Alpha analysis confirmed a strong internal consistency, convergent and discriminant validity tests were satisfied using AVE, and F&L criterion respectively. The study recommended graphical method in the analysis of normality and outlier, especially when the sample size is large.


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How to Cite
KABIR, Ibrahim; GUNU, Umar; GWADABE, Zainab Lawan. Preliminary Analysis on the Effect of Decent Work Environment on Work Life Balance in Nigerian SMEs. Asian Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, p. 125-140, july 2020. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 11 aug. 2020.