Assessing University Students’ Perceptions toward Constructivist Learning Environments using the CLES

  • Siew Pei Hwa

Abstract

The research focuses on the adoption of constructivist learning approach in enhancing students’ learning through interactive multimedia web projects, and assess students’ perceptions toward this learning approach. The students worked in small groups to solve their web design and development problems in constructivist learning classrooms with the lecturer and tutor acting as facilitators supporting them in constructivist project-based and multimedia-mediated learning environments. The paper highlights the research findings that assess students’ perceptions toward the constructivist learning environments (CLEs) through a quantitative self-administrative questionnaire method among 79 students in a multimedia course. The 5-point Likert scale questionnaire was adapted from the Constructivist Learning Environment Survey (CLES), which was first constructed by Taylor, Fraser and Fisher. It contained five dimensions, i.e. Personal Relevance (PR), Uncertainty (UC), Student Negotiation (SN), Shared Control (SC) and Critical Voice (CV) that was used to assess the students’ perceptions of the extent to which the CLEs could enhance learning and improve their understanding of the multimedia course. The research findings show that the view of the students about the CLE was more considering PR, UC and SN dimensions, but less on SC and CV dimensions. Research findings also indicate that female students were more considering these five dimensions compared to male students. The MANOVA test proved that the students prefer some aspects of the CLE such as PR, UC and SN. On the other hand, they do not prefer the CLE characterised by CV and SC.

References

Abdul Hamid, M. S., Islam, R., & Abd Manaf, N. H. (2014). Malaysian Graduates’ Employability Skills Enhancement: An Application of the Importance Performance Analysis. Journal for Global Business Advancement, 7(3), 181-197.
Agrahari, R. (2016). The Nature of Educational Reform and Change: From Teacher-Centered to Student-Centered Learning. Educational Quest: An International Journal of Education and Applied Social Sciences, 7(2), 133-139.
Aldridge, J. M., Fisher, B. J., & Sabela, M. P. (2004). Using Teacher Action Research to Promote Constructivist Learning Environments in South Africa, South African Journal of Education, 24(4), 245–253.
Alsop, R. (2015). BBC Capital - This is the Real Reason New Graduates Can’t Get Hired. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/capital/story/20151118-this-is-the-real-reason-new-graduates-cant-get-hired
Arisoy, N. (2007). Examining 8th Grade Students’ Perception of Learning Environment of Science Classrooms in Relation to Motivational Beliefs and Attitudes (Unpublished master’s thesis). Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey.
Beyhan, Ö. (2013). The Correlation of Students’ Views on Constructivist Teaching Environment and Teachers’ Student Control Ideologies. Educational Research and Reviews, 8(9), 553-559.
Cetin-Dindar, A. (2016). Student Motivation in Constructivist Learning Environment. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 12(2), 233-247.
Chamnanwong, P. & Yuenyong, C. (2014). Investigation of Constructivist Science Learning Environment in Thai Primary Schools. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(27), 592-598.
Cirik, D. İ, Çolak, E., & Kaya, D. (2015). Constructivist Learning Environments: The Teachers’ and Students’ Perspectives. International Journal on New Trends in Education and Their Implications, 6(2), 30-44.
Connos, S. (2007). Constructivism in a Primary Math Setting (Unpublished masters’ thesis). State University of New York College, Brockport, New York.
Daloğlu, A., Baturay, M., & Yildirim, S. (2009). Chapter XII: Designing a Constructivist Vocabulary Learning Material. In R. de C. V. Marriott, & P. Lupion Torres (Eds.). Handbook of Research on E-Learning Methodologies for Language Acquisition (pp. 186-203). Hershey, New York: Information Science Reference.
Gasaymeh, A. M., AlJa’afreh, I. A., Al-Dmour, A., & Alrub, M. A. (2016). Higher Education Students’ Preferences for Applying the Principles of Constructivism in Learning Programming Languages with the Use of ICTs. Journal of Studies in Education, 6(3), 168-187. https://doi.org/ 10.5296/jse.v6i3.9780
Hair, J. F., & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.
Jonassen, D. (1999). Chapter 10: Designing Constructivist Learning Environments. Retrieved from https://www.savoiabenincasa.gov.it/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/1999-Jonassen.pdf
Lee, S., & Taylor, P. (2001). The Cultural Adaptability of the CLES: A Korean Perspective. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of Australia Association of Research in Education, Fremantle, Western Australia. Retrieved from https://www.aare.edu.au/data/publications/2001/lee01387.pdf
Liu, S. & Feng, D. (2015). How Culture Matters in Educational Borrowing? Chinese Teachers’ Dilemmas in A Global Era. Cogent Education, 2(1), Article 1046410. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 2331186X.2015.1046410
Loh, C. Y., Teo, T. C. (2017). Understanding Asian Students Learning Styles, Cultural Influence and Learning Strategies. Journal of Education & Social Policy, 7(1), 194-210.
Md Saad, M. S., & Ab Majid, I. (2014). Employers’ Perceptions of Important Employability Skills Required from Malaysian Engineering and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Graduates. Global Journal of Engineering Education, 16(3), 110-115.
Ministry of Education Malaysia. (2015). Executive Summary Malaysia Education Blueprint 2015-2025 (Higher Education). Retrieved from https://www.um.edu.my/docs/default-source/about-um_document/media-centre/um-magazine/4-executive-summary-pppm-2015-2025.pdf?sfvrsn=4
Neo, M., & Neo, T.-K. (2009). Engaging Students in Multimedia-Mediated Constructivist Learning – Students’ Perceptions. Educational Technology & Society, 12(2), 254-266.
Neuman, W. L. (2011). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. (4th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Ng’ambi, D., & Johnston, K. (2006). An ICT-Mediated Constructivist Approach for Increasing Academic Support and Teaching Critical Thinking Skills. Educational Technology & Society, 9(3), 244-253.
Nugroho, K. Y., & Wulan, D. F. (2017). Constructivist Learning Paradigm as the Basis on Learning Model Development. Journal of Education and Learning, 409(4), 410-415. https://doi.org/10.11591/ edulearn.v11i4. 6852
Ongowo, R. O. (2013). Secondary School Teachers’ Perceptions of a Biology Constructivist Learning Environment in Gem District, Kenya. International Journal of Educational Research and Technology, 4(2), 1-6.
Ongowo, R. O., Indoshi, F. C., & Ayere, M. A. (2015). Perception of Constructivist Learning Environment: Gender and School Type Differences in Siaya County, Kenya. Advances in Research, 4(1), 15-26. https://doi.org/10.9734/AIR/ 2015/13843
Ozkal, K., Tekkaya, C., & Cakiroglu, J. (2009). Investigating 8th Grade Students’ Perceptions of Constructivist Science Learning Environment. Education and Science, 34(153), 38-46.
Poonam, S. (2017). Constructivism: A New Paradigm in Teaching and Learning. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, 2(4), 183-186.
Puacharearn, P. (2004). The Effectiveness of Constructivist Teaching on Improving Learning Environments in Thai Secondary School Science Classrooms (Unpublished PhD thesis), Curtin University of Technology, Australia.
Richardson, J.T.E. (2011). Eta Squared and Partial Eta Squared as Measurements of Effect Size in Educational Research. Educational Research Review, 6(2), 135-147.
Salters-Pedneault, K. (2018). The use of self-report data in psychology. Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com/definition-of-self-report-425267
Sun, Q. (2012). Chapter 14- Learning for Transformation in an International Context: The Implications of a Confucian Learning Model. In J. E Groccia, A. T. Mohammed, M. A. T. Alsudairi, & W. Buskist (Eds.), Handbook of college and university teaching: A global perspective (pp. 200-220). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, Inc.
Tavakol, M, & Dennick, R. (2011). Making Sense of Cronbach’s Alpha. International Journal of Medical Education, 2, 53-55. https://doi.org/10.5116/ ijme.4dfb.8dfd
Vong, S. (2016). A Constructivist Approach for Introducing Undergraduate Students to Special Collections and Archival Research. In J. K. Sheehan (Ed.). RBM: A Journal of Rare Books, Manuscripts, and Cultural Heritage – Fall 2016, 17(2) (pp. 148-171). ACRL Insider (https://www.acrl.ala.org/acrlinsider/)
Wang, P. (2011). Constructivism and Learner Autonomy in Foreign Language Teaching and Learning: To what Extent does Theory Inform Practice? Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 1(3), 273-277. https://doi.org/10.4304/tpls.1.3.273-277
Wanpen, S., & Fisher, D. L. (2006). Chapter 11: Creating A Collaborative Learning Environment in A Computer Classroom in Thailand using the CLES. In D. Fisher, & M. S. Khine (Eds.). Contemporary Approaches to Research on Learning Environments: Worldviews. Hackensack, N. J.: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1142/5946
Wong, S. L., Bakara, A. R., Lo, Y. M., & Mohd Ayuba, A. F. (2010). CLES-ICT: A Scale to Measure ICT Constructivist Learning Environments in Malaysia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2, 295-299.
Published
2020-07-31
How to Cite
PEI HWA, Siew. Assessing University Students’ Perceptions toward Constructivist Learning Environments using the CLES. International Journal of Advanced Research in Education and Society, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, p. 115-129, july 2020. ISSN 2682-8138. Available at: <http://myjms.moe.gov.my/index.php/ijares/article/view/10183>. Date accessed: 11 aug. 2020.
Section
Articles