Ranking Islamic Religious Schools Academic Performance by Using Fuzzy Vikor

  • Norwaziah Mahmud
  • Nurul ‘Izzaty Hanani Zaharin
  • Nur Syuhada Muhammat Pazil
  • Siti Hafawati Jamaluddin


Ranking is a position in hierarchy or scale. Schools ranking in Malaysia has become a popular benchmark for academic achievement as in Malaysia, there are many types of schools. This study focuses only on Islamic religious schools. The objective of this study is to rank Islamic religious schools in Perlis based on their academic achievement in Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) 2018. This study used Fuzzy VIKOR to assess the ranking of Islamic religious schools in Perlis. Fuzzy VIKOR is one of the multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods. The Islamic religious schools is the alternative to be chosen and the results for a number of subjects is the criterion. In this study, the data is transformed into a linguistic variable and categorised into five criteria which are excellent, honours, average, pass and fail. The linguistic variable is represented by a trapezoidal fuzzy number. The results of this study showed that Fuzzy VIKOR can be used in sorting the rank of Islamic religious schools. By using this technique, the results show that school 1 is the best Islamic religious school in Perlis. This has proven that Fuzzy VIKOR can be applied in sorting the rank.


Acuña-Soto, C. M., Liern, V., & Pérez-Gladish, B. (2019). A VIKOR-based approach for the ranking of mathematical instructional videos. Management Decision, 57(2), 501–522. https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-03-2018-0242
Alguliyev, R. M. O., Aliguliyev, R. M., & Mahmudova, R. S. (2015). Multicriteria personnel selection by the modified Fuzzy VIKOR method. Scientific World Journal, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/612767
Berita Harian Online (2016, March 20). Kerajaan rangka dasar pendidikan tahfiz negara, PM. Retrieved (November 30, 2019), from https://www.bharian.com.my/node/135515
Chang, T., H. (2014). Fuzzy VIKOR method: A case study of the hospital service evaluation in Taiwan. Information Science, 196-212.
Harian Metro Online (2017, December 11). Cemerlang dunia akhirat. Retreived (November 30, 2019), from http://www.hmetro.com.my/nuansa/2017/12/292752/cemerlang-dunia-akhirat
Ju, Y., & Wang, A. (2013). Extension of VIKOR method for multi-criteria group decision making problem with linguistic information. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 37(5), 3112–3125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apm.2012.07.035
Liu, H. C., Liu, L., Liu, N., & Mao, L. X. (2012). Risk evaluation in failure mode and effects analysis with extended VIKOR method under fuzzy environment. Expert Systems with Applications, Vol. 39, pp. 12926–12934. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2012.05.031
Musani, S., & Jemain, A. A. (2015). Ranking schools’ academic performance using a fuzzy VIKOR. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 622(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/622/1/012036
Sanayei, A., Farid Mousavi, S., & Yazdankhah, A. (2010). Group decision making process for supplier selection with VIKOR under fuzzy environment. Expert Systems with Applications, 37(1), 24–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2009.04.063
Siregar, D., Nurdiyanto, H., Sriadhi, S., Suita, D., Khair, U., Rahim, R., … Utama Siahaan, A. P. (2018). Multi-attribute decision making with VIKOR method for any purpose decision. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1019(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1019/1/012034
Wu, H. Y., Chen, J. K., Chen, I. S., & Zhuo, H. H. (2012). Ranking universities based on performance evaluation by a hybrid MCDM model. Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation, 45(5), 856–880. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2012.02.009
How to Cite
MAHMUD, Norwaziah et al. Ranking Islamic Religious Schools Academic Performance by Using Fuzzy Vikor. International Journal of Advanced Research in Islamic and Humanities, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, p. 27-36, july 2020. ISSN 2682-8332. Available at: <http://myjms.moe.gov.my/index.php/ijarih/article/view/10187>. Date accessed: 11 aug. 2020.