SUPPORTING FACTORS OF SELF-HELP GROUPS IN IMPLEMENTING COMMUNITY-BASED LIVELIHOOD IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM (PPMK KOTAKU) IN PISANGAN TIMUR, EAST JAKARTA
The high poverty rate occurs not only in rural areas but also in urban areas in Indonesia. The Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing introduced the “Community-based Livelihood Improvement Program” (Program PPMK) as a program to alleviate poverty. This program focuses on building the city without slums area. The development of urban communities is expected to empower low-income people in urban areas and improving their welfare through participating in productive business activities. In the PPMK program, the process of continuous development is more aimed at increasing the expertise and skills of self-help group members through the development of productive and creative economic businesses. Therefore, they can become an independent business group. This study carried out through qualitative approach. The data collection gathered through in-depth interviewing, observation and secondary sources. The finding of this research shows that there are internal and external factors that became constrains in developing the slums area. This study concludes that understanding the involvement of self-help group members is very important in the process of developing the urban poor. Every resources is needed in order to enable community members to participate in the program thoroughly.
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